In natural farming, Indigenous Micro Organism: IMO, is most important. It multiplies bacteria fast. That is, good bacteria :) It balances the ecology of the bacteria needed to hasten the decomposition of organic matter in the soil. It helps in feeding the soil to nurture back to life. Good bacteria kills bad bacteria. IMO is a community of friendly and good bacteria.
Doc Rey always repeats his anecdote that in school, they were taught to fight and kill the bad bacteria. The good bacteria wasn't emphasized as having the qualities to go against the bad. In using chemicals to kill the bad, we also kill the good :(
We wanted to rest this piece of land for some time, to rejuvenate and prepared for natural farming. IMO was applied at intervals...you will know it has recovered when you see molds in your soil. That is a sign that your soil is healthy, good and alive! Bugs and insects are all around. Spiders and their webs are welcome sightings.
How to make your IMO:
1) Place 1kg of cooked rice in a container. We use a plastic one, those rectangular food keepers with covers, the size of a bond paper. Cover.
2) Set the plastic container in a cool dry place in an area where there are a lot of trees. The idea of placing it in the outdoors, it attracts the good bacteria in the soil, that we mean to give back to the soil.
3) After 3days, check on it. It will have developed molds on top of the rice. White to yellowish is acceptable. If your molds are predominantly black, get rid of it and start all over again.
4) Place the rice with the molds in a plastic pail and add 1kg molasses.
5) Cover the plastic pail with manila paper and secure by tying around the paper.
6) Set the container in a cool dry place.
7) Harvest the dark brown, mudlike liquid on the 7th day.
This harvested IMO is sprayed everywhere...fields, nooks and crannies, animal cages. Soak feeders and waterers in this solution after washing, then let the supplies dry under the sun.
To use: 2Tablespoons per 1lt of water. Easier to think in terms of backpack sprayer in this case, use 1 can IMO, the size of sardine cans.
You will be so excited to see the changes. It is almost like the soil smiling back at you. And the white amags on the ground...they are meeting to gang up on the bad guys.